There are also many physiological and biological factors that affect person’s intoxication level. Basically, two people drinking the exact same beverage will be affected differently.
|Gender||Males and females react to alcohol a bit differently. Women tend to be smaller than men. Women get intoxicated faster and stay intoxicated longer. Women have less alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme that metabolizes alcohol, so alcohol remains in the bloodstream longer (in fact, men have 40% more than women). Also, women tend to have a higher percentage of body fat, which reduces the percentage of lean body mass that can distribute the concentration of alcohol.
Women also on their menstrual cycle may have higher blood alcohol contents.
|Weight||Smaller stature individuals will become impaired quicker. A smaller or skinnier person with less fat and/or muscle will get intoxicated much faster because they have less blood and water to distribute the alcohol.|
|Food||Food taken along with alcohol results in delayed intoxication. The reason for this is because since alcohol is absorbed mostly in the small intestine, the ingestion of food can slow down the absorption process. The pyloric valve at the bottom of the stomach will close in order to hold food in the stomach for digestion and thus keep the alcohol from reaching the small intestine.|
|Rate of Consumption||Simply put, your body on average can only process one alcoholic beverage an hour. So chugging as opposed to sipping over a longer period of time increases the intoxication rate.|
|Stimulants||Energy drinks are stimulants and alcohol is a depressant. Energy drinks mask the effects of alcohol by giving you a sense of energy, and the false sense that you are not that intoxicated. Mixing alcohol and energy drinks can cause heart failure because they are opposing stressors on the body’s regulatory systems.|
|Carbonation||Carbonation speeds up absorption. Alcohol mixed with carbonated beverages such as cola or tonic water will be absorbed more quickly into the bloodstream. This is also true for champagne and wine coolers.|
|Medications||Prescription medications- Mixing alcohol with prescription drugs often leads to increased or hastened impairment. Alcohol can produce hazardous side effects, reduce heart rate, and drop blood pressure to a dangerous level.
Over the counter medications- Drinking while taking over the counter pain killers (such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen) affects the livers ability to process the medication and alcohol is metabolized slower. It is never safe to mix alcohol and medications.
|Marijuana||Marijuana reduces nausea, which can prevent the body from it’s natural ability to remove harmful toxins by vomiting.|
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