Drinking alcohol while pregnant is never recommended - Alcohol use can cause major problems for the pregnant woman and her baby. According to the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, pregnant women should not drink any form of alcohol as it has been shown to cause serious and negative effects on the development of the baby (fetus).
Negative effects and problems caused by drinking alcohol while pregnant are called Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe group of this spectrum caused by drinking alcohol while pregnant.
The use of alcohol during pregnancy can cause serious problems in children and adolescents:
- Infants may show slow growth and developmental delay, unusual facial features, irritability, brain and neurological disorders, intellectual disabilities and problems with emotional attachment
- Kids and school-age children may have problems with learning or reading, low tolerance for frustration, and poor social boundaries
- Teenagers can have continued learning problems, depression, anxiety and inappropriate sexual behavior